Reuters – Nations ought to “begin dismantling racism,” arrange reparations packages and prosecute regulation enforcement officers for illegal killings of individuals of African descent, the U.N. human rights chief stated on Monday.
Michelle Bachelet, in a world report sparked by the homicide of African American George Floyd by a police officer in Minneapolis in Might 2020, stated police use of racial profiling and extreme power is entrenched in a lot of North America, Europe and Latin America.
Structural racism creates boundaries to minorities’ entry to jobs, healthcare, housing, schooling and justice, she stated.
“I’m calling on all states to cease denying, and begin dismantling, racism; to finish impunity and construct belief; to hearken to the voices of individuals of African descent; and to confront previous legacies and ship redress,” Bachelet stated.
The report referred to as for creating sufferer compensation packages and nationwide reparations packages, together with funds, with enter from affected communities.
Jamil Dakwar of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) welcomed the suggestions. “This historic report gives a blueprint for the US and different international locations to start reckoning with the lengthy historical past of systemic racism that permeates by means of policing and different state violence and structural discrimination towards Black individuals,” he stated.
Bachelet welcomed a “promising initiative” by U.S. President Joe Biden in signing an government order in January to handle racial inequity.
At the very least 190 individuals of African descent have died worldwide by the hands of regulation enforcement officers up to now decade – most of them in the US, the report stated.
“Except the case of George Floyd, nobody was held accountable,” Mona Rishmawi, who supervised the report, instructed a information convention.
It chosen seven “emblematic circumstances”, together with that of Floyd. A decide sentenced former police officer Derek Chauvin on Friday to 22-1/2 years for his homicide, video of which galvanized the worldwide Black Lives Matter protest motion.
Different victims embody an Afro-Brazilian boy, 14, shot lifeless in an anti-drug police operation in Sao Paulo in Might 2020 and a Frenchman of Malian origin, 24, who died in police custody in July 2016.
“One (Brazilian) mom particularly stated to us ‘you all the time speak about George Floyd. Day-after-day now we have a George Floyd right here and no one talks about it’,” Rishmawi stated. “We realized that we have been solely touching the tip of the iceberg.”
Racism is most prevalent in international locations linked to the previous commerce of an estimated 25-30 million Africans for enslavement or colonialism, leading to massive communities of individuals of African descent in international locations equivalent to Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Colombia, France and the US, the report stated.
“There’s right now a momentous alternative to realize a turning level for racial equality and justice,” Bachelet stated.
(Reporting by Stephanie Nebehay, Modifying by William Maclean and Bernadette Baum)